“Decolonization in the North Caucasus Embarks on Worse Course of Development”

Seeking help from Tbilisi by the Didoy caused a rather absorbing reaction. The authorities of Dagestan “claim” in vain that the Didoy did not ask for any assistance from Georgian Parliament.

[Gega Beridze. 11:04 19.12.2010]

The experts say that alienation of Caucasian people from Russia is reaching a final stage. According to their assessment, Georgia has to exercise great caution while having the relationship with the Didoy, as Russia is going to use the open help for the Didoy against Georgia.

“The Didoy population living in Dagestan demand on turning the historical land of Didoy into a constituent part of Georgia”, - said the letter with 15,000 signatures by Didoy population of Dagestan that was brought to Georgia by their representative Moghamed Ramzanov.

“In 1944 we became victims of repressions. Our houses were burnt down and everything was devastated. We demand compensation for the people repressed by Russia. We arrived in Georgia to inform the whole world how we are mistreated. Let Georgia be a political center of the Caucasus”, - the address said. In addition, the Didoy asked Georgian Parliament for help to save Didoy language and culture.

Head of Tsuntinski district administration of Dagestan, Husein Magdoev claims that “ the Didoy did not ask Georgian Parliament for any help”. In his assessment too, the spread information is an attempt for turning the situation destabilized by outer forces in the border region. Moreover, in Magdoevi’s words, he knows nothing about Maghomed Ramazanov who addressed Georgian Parliament in the name of the Didoy.

“Georgia should exercise great caution in the relationship with the Didoy”, said the expert in Caucasus issues Mamuka Areshidze to “Interpressnews”. Mr. Areshidze noted that was not the first case North Caucasian people asked Georgia to establish political relationship according to some rules.

“North Ossetia demanded twice to become a part of Georgia, in 2006-2007 population living in the regions of Ingushetia asked to become residents of Georgia. At the beginning of 90’ies, due to Russia’s inspiration, management of Abkhazia and so called South Ossetia asked Russian authorities to become parts of Russia on the contrary. We must not forget it, but it does not imply that we should make the same decision because our country is less strong enough.

“While the situation in the Caucasus and Russia has deteriorated, we can take more active measures, but in the present situation I still think that the only thing we can do is to establish cultural relationships and render humanitarian aid”, - said the expert and added that Georgian party should have been more cautious.

“The best way of launching negotiations with Russia is raising the issue of North Caucasus”, - says the conflict scientist Paata Zakareishvili. In his words, a visa-free regime can not be established in Didoy without involvement of international organizations.

“If there is a free-visa regime, Russia will act against us, thinking our country contributes to setting up so called terrorist cells and there will no point in proving the truth though”, - said Zakareishvili.

In his words too, rendering help to the Didoy is one of those factors that Georgian authorities use for edging Russia.

We did not establish a free-visa regime with Iran without agreeing with the authorities of Iran. Why do you think we did the same without coming to an agreement with Russia? There is no man named Tsiklauri, processes are controlled from the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Just they are carrying out the policy of this minor and primitive irritation. By making unimportant acid remarks, we constantly try to upset Russia and challenge it to attack us some day. But it is hard to put Russia out of temper”, - said Zakareishvili.

The expert in Caucasus issues, Giorgi Mamulia calls to the address of the Didoy to Georgian Parliament and he considers that the above mentioned things are proved by the fact that “alienation of Caucasian people from Russia is reaching a final stage”. In Mamulia’s opinion, it is not casual that the initiative of the Didoy coincided with the course of events occurred in Russia that time.

“These events have clearly revealed the impassable gulf between Russian-Slavic and Caucasian population. It is apparent that Slavic and Caucasian people can not live together any more and the following results are natural - Russian imperialistic policy towards Caucasian people generally as well as bloody phenomenon of just Putinism.
In the case of point, the questions will be inevitably raised before the Caucasians about their future life and lot. The Didoy population were the first ones who made the initiatives”, - said Mamulia to “Pirweli News”.

In his assessment too, according to the fact of decolonization in the North Caucasus that embarks on worse course of development, the mother country of the Empire is infected with pathological xenophobia that absolutely prevents the chance of any cohabitation between Russian and Caucasian population”.

The crowd of people befuddled by zoological anti-Caucasian propaganda of Putin, demand on deportation Caucasian people from Moscow and whole Russia under the banner of “Moscow for the Russians” and “Russia for the Russians”. At the same time, the Kremlin does not even want to think about giving independence for the Caucasian people.

“In fact, there is an attempt for building the Empire on the basis of Russian nationalism and to turn the Caucasians as well as other non Russian people into slaves without any rights, who are given the right to live in the reservations in case of emergency”, - noted Mr. Mamulia.

According to his prognosis, as a result of the situation developed in Moscow, tendencies of returning Caucasian people living in Metropolia are expected to be strengthened, that will contribute to ceasing those previous relations between these people and Russia.

As for the position Georgia should adhere to in this case, Mr. Mamulia thinks that the most optimal way for Georgia under existing conditions is to strengthen its own policy towards Caucasian people exiled from Russia. In addition, he says that “definite forms of this policy must reflect each definite situation adequately”.

“We must immediately start feeling concern about establishing closest relationship with intellectual representatives of Caucasian people. We must allocate relevant quotas for the young inhabitants of the mountains in Georgian higher educational institutions and affiliate North Caucasians admission to citizenship of Georgia etc.” – explained Mr. Mamulia.

For your information, the Didoy are representatives of one of the regions of Dagestan. Their language and culture are akin to Lezginian ones. For the present, the population of Dagestan make up 40,000 people. Didoy represents a historical part of today’s Dagestan Republic territory that consists of Tsunti, Bezheti and partially Tsumadi regions. Historically, it was under the political influence of Georgia, though, Didoy had been occupied by the Khanate of the Avars since XVIII.

Since then, Islam was spread among the Didoy. Occupation of the Didoy’s lands by Khundzakhi Khanate setback the development of the Didoy and even today the Didoy tribes have rather weak whole self conception.

The process of uniting of the Didoy tribes is still in progress that is favored by newly established national movement. Hinukhians, Capuchians and Hunzibels who have their own mother tongue languages also know Cesar language. The Cesar or in other words the Didoy themselves are numerous among the Didoy tribes.

The Didoy ( singular – “Dido”, common proper name is “Didobi”) is a group of tribes living in a historical Didoy. The term “Didoys” usually refers to the Didoy or in other words Cesar
( proper name – cesi), to Hinukhians, Capuchians ( proper name – Capucha’s Suko or Bezhta’s Suko) and to Hunzibels ( proper name – Enzeesi).

The Didoy are considered to be Khundzians and do not belong to any separate nation.